How To Perform Salah (Prayer) Step by Step Guide

How To Perform Salah. Salah is the second pillar of Islam mentioned by the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) after the declaration of faith which makes a person Muslim. It has been made an obligation for every Muslim to fulfill. Allah (SWT) says “..and I have chosen you, so listen to that which is inspired to you. Verily, I am Allah! There is none worthy of worship but I, so worship Me and offer prayer perfectly for My remembrance.” [Taha 13-14]

Salah is a form of worship that connects the people with their Creator and it must be performed five times a day regularly without any excuse. Therefore, it is important to learn the correct way of performing it. On top of everything, the importance of praying regularly has been emphasized in the Quran more than any other topic.

What Is The Right Method Of Performing Salah

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↓1 – Before Salah

There are a few preconditions of Salah that must be fulfilled. You need to be sure that your body, clothes and the place where you are praying is clean. You must perform ablution, face the right direction of Qibla, cover yourself properly and pray at the right time. Here is a complete post on How To Perform Hajj & A Step By Step Guide with Pictures and Video.

↓2 – Make Niyyah

It is very important to make the intention before initiating the salah. It does not need to be said out loud, you can make your intention in your heart.

↓ 3 – Takbeerah

Raise your hands and say “Allah-o-Akbar”, this means Allah is the Greatest of all. Women need to place their hands within the cloth sheet they are wearing whereas men must place their hands to their ears.

↓ 4 – Al-Qiyam

Now perform qiyam by placing your right hand over the left one, women should place their hands on their chest while men should place them on their navel.

1) Recite the opening dua: “Subhanaka allahumma wa bi hamdika wa tabara kasmuka wa ta’ala jadduka wa la ilaha ghairuka.”

Translation: “O Allah, how perfect You are and praise be to You. Blessed is Your name, and exalted is Your majesty. There is no god but You.” [Only recite this supplication, Subhanaka, at the beginning of the first Rak’ah]

2) Then recite: “A’udhu billahi minash shaitanir rajeem.”


Translation: “I seek protection in Allah from the rejected Shaitan.”

3) Then recite Tasmiyah: “Bismillahir rahmanir raheem.”

Translation: “In the name of Allah, the most Beneficial, the most Merciful.”

4) Then recite Surah Fatihah: “Al hamdu lil lahi rabbil ‘alamin. Arrahmanir rahim. Maliki yawmiddin. Iyyaka na’budu wa iyyaka nasta’in. Ihdinas siratal mustaqim. Siratal ladhina an’amta’alaihim, ghairil maghdubi’alaihim wa lad dhallin. (Ameen)”

Translation: “All praises and thanks be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds, the most Gracious, the most Merciful; Master of the Day of Judgment. You alone we worship, from You alone we seek help. Guide us along the straight path – the path of those whom You favored, not of those who earned Your anger or went astray.”

This must be read in each rakat, until you are praying behind an Imam.

5) Now recite any Surah or verses from the Quran, for example Surah Ikhlas: “Qul hu wal lahu ahad, allahus samad, lam yalid wa lam yulad, wa lam ya kul lahu kufuwan ahad.”

Translation: “Say you, He is Allah, the one. Allah the Independent, Care free. He begot none’ nor was He begotten.And nor anyone is equal to Him. ”

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↓ 5 – Ruku’

Now say ‘Allah-o-Akbar’ and bow down keeping your hands on your knees. Recite:

“Subhana Rabbiyal Adhim.” (x3)

Translation: “How Perfect is my Lord, the Supreme.”

RECOMMENDED: 40 Beautiful Dua for Recitation

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↓ 6 – Qiyam

Now stand straight with your hands by your side and recite: “Sami’Allahu liman hamidah. Rabbana lakal hamd.”

Translation:“ Allah hears those who praise Him. Our Lord, praise be to You. ”

This position is known as Qawmah position.

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↓ 7 – Sajjdah

Recite ‘Allah-o-Akbar’ and prostrate on the floor. Place your hands, knees and head on the floor. It is important that the knees touch the ground first, thereafter the hands and forehead must be placed. The fingers and toes should be towards the Qiblah. Women are required to take out their feet towards the right side whereas men should hold them upright. Once you are in the right position, recite:

“Subhana Rabbiyal A’la” (x3)

Translation: “Glorious is my Lord, the most High.”

Sit up from this position saying “Allahu Akbar” and then prostrate again reciting “Subhana Rabbiyal A’la” thrice.

This completes one rakat of your salah.

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↓ 8 – Tashahhud

After the second sajjdah of your second rakat say ‘Allah-o-Akbar’ and rise from sajjdah to sit on your knees and place your hands on your knees. Now recite: “At-tahiyyaatu Lillaahi wa-salaawaatu wa-tayyibaat. As-salaamu ‘alayka ayyuha-Nabiyyu wa rahmatullaahi wa barakaatuhu. As-salaamu ‘alayna wa ‘ala ‘ibaad-illaah-is-saaliheen. Ash-hadu al-laa ilaaha ill-Allaaho wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadan ‘abduhu wa rasooluhu.”

Translation: “All compliments, prayers and pure words are due to Allaah. Peace be upon you, O Prophet, and the mercy of Allaah and His blessings. Peace be upon us and upon the righteous slaves of Allaah. I bear witness that there is no god except Allaah and I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger. ”

While reciting this, when you reach ‘laa ilaha’ join the fingers and connect the middle finger and thumb to make a ring and rise your index finger towards the sky. However, the index finger should not be held up till the end and must be lowered as you reach ‘ill-Allaaho’

Now recite blessing upon on beloved Prophet Muhammad (SAW): “Allaahumma salli ‘ala Muhammad, wa ‘ala aali Muhammad, kama salayta ‘ala Ibraaheem, wa ‘ala aali Ibraaheem, innaka hameedun majeed. Allaahumma baarik ‘ala Muhammad, wa ‘ala aali Muhammad, kama baarakta ‘ala Ibraaheem, wa ‘ala aali Ibraaheem, innak hameedun majeed.”

Translation: “O Allaah, send prayers upon Muhammad and upon the family of Muhammad, as You sent prayers upon Ibraaheem and the family of Ibraaheem, You are indeed Worthy of Praise, Full of Glory. O Allaah, bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad as You blessed Ibraaheem and the family of Ibraaheem, You are indeed Worthy of Praise, Full of Glory”.

After reciting durood-e-ibraheemi, you should recite some duas necessary to ask for forgiveness of your sins from Allah (SWT).

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↓ Salaam

Once you have completed your tashahhud, durood and several duas end your Salah by turning your face to the right side and then to the left and reciting “As-salamu alaykum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakaatuhu.” on both sides.

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↓ Step by Step Video Tutorial on How to Pray Namaz



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